Charles Messier, 1730 - 1817

Messier's
Nebulae and Star Clusters

1st Ed. 1771 / 2nd Ed. 1784

"A catalog of Nebulae and Star Clusters discovered among the Fixed Stars above the horizon of Paris. Observed at the Observatory of the Navy with different instruments by M. Messier"

Kopernik Observatory's Pictures of

Messier's Nebulae and Star Clusters


Kopernik Images
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Kopernik's Pictures of other Deep Sky Objects

 

 

Kopernik's Pictures of The Messier Objects

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M- 1, supernova remnant, aka The Crab Nebula

A remnant of the supernova observed by Chinese and Japanese astronomers in AD 1054.

M- 2, A Globular Star Cluster in Aquarius

Black & White ST-9E CCD camera image and Color STL-1301E CCD camera images thru Kopernik’s 20-inch F/8.1 telescope.

M- 3, A Globular Star Cluster in Canes Venatici

CCD images with MX-716 and ST-6 cameras thru our 20 inch telescope.

M- 4, A Globular Star Cluster in Scorpius

MX-716 CCD image thru our 80mm VERNONscope Refractor; Color STL-1301E CCD image thru 20-inch working at F/5.

M- 5, A Globular Star Cluster in Serpens Caput

A 2 minute exposure with ST-9E CCD camera thru Kopernik’s 20-inch F/8.1 telescope.

M-8, the "Lagoon Nebula" in Sagittarius

Color and black & white CCD images showing the star cluster and part of the nebula; taken with STL-1301E camera thru our 20-inch working at F/5.

M-9, Globular Star Cluster in Ophiuchus

An ST-9E CCD image thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-10, Globular Star Cluster in Ophiuchus

CCD image thru Kopernik's 20 inch telescope

M-11, Open Star Cluster in Scutum

A Color STL-1301E CCD image thru Kopernik's 20 inch telescope

M-12, Globular Star Cluster in Ophiuchus

A 25 minute color exposure with ST-9E CCD camera thru Kopernik’s 20-inch F/8.1 telescope.

M-13, The Great Globular Star Cluster in Hercules

CCD image thru Kopernik's 20 inch telescope.

M-14, Globular Star Cluster in Ophiuchus

CCD image thru Kopernik's 20 inch telescope

M-15, a Globular Cluster in Pegasus

A 21 minute color exposure with ST-9E CCD camera thru Kopernik’s 20-inch F/8.1 telescope.

M-16, Star Cluster and Nebula in Serpens

A Color STL-1301E CCD image; aka “The Eagle Nebula”, or “The Star Queen Nebula”.

M-17, the "Omega Nebula" in Sagittarius

Color and black & white CCD images of the central "Swan Nebula" region.

M-19, A Globular Star Cluster

CCD image thru Kopernik's 20 inch telescope

M-20, the "Trifid Nebula" in Sagittarius

Color CCD image.

M-27, A Planetary Nebula; aka 'The Dumbbell'

Color ST-9E CCD image thru our 20-inch telescope.

M-29, Open Star Cluster in Cygnus

A color CCD image taken thru our 20-inch telescope working at F/5.7.

M-30, Globular Star Cluster in Capricornus

CCD image thru Kopernik's 20 inch telescope

M-31, the Andromeda Galaxy

Various images and scales, some in color.

M-32, a compact Elliptical Galaxy

A companion of M-31; CCD Image taken thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-33, face-on Spiral Galaxy, aka the Pinwheel Galaxy

ST-9E CCD image of the central portion of this large object.

M-35, Open Star Cluster in Gemini

Image includes Open Cluster NGC 2158. CCD image thru our 80mm VERNONscope Refractor.

M-36, Open Star Cluster in Auriga

Two CCD images: one thru our 80mm VERNONscope Refractor, and the second thru our 20-inch telescope working at F/4.

M-37, Open Star Cluster in Auriga

A CCD image thru our 80mm VERNONscope Refractor.

M-38, Open Star Cluster in Auriga

Two CCD images; one thru our 80mm VERNONscope Refractor, and a second with a 10-in RC Cassegrain.

M-41, An Open Star Cluster

A photograph thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-42 & M-43, the Orion Nebula

CCD images thru our 80mm VERNONscope refractor

M-43, a portion of the Orion Nebula

A color CCD image taken with STL-1301E camera thru our 20-inch telescope.

M-44, An Open Star Cluster, aka "Praesepe" or the "Beehive"

A photograph thru our 8 inch F/1.5 Schmidt Camera.

M-46, An Open Star Cluster in Puppis

STL-1301E color image taken at F/5.3. Image includes Planetary nebula NGC 2438.

M-48, Open Star Cluster

CCD image thru our 80mm VERNONscope Refractor.

M-50, Open Star Cluster

Two CCD images: one thru our 80mm VERNONscope Refractor, and the second thru our 20-inch telescope working at F/4.

M-51, the Whirlpool Galaxy; color image

This CCD image was taken with an ST-9E CCD camera thru Kopernik’s 20 inch telescope, working at F/5.2.

M-53, a Globular Cluster ~ two CCD images

Two CCD images thru our 20 inch telescope: one at F/8, one at F/5; check out the difference!

M-54, A Globular Star Cluster

An ST-6 CCD image taken at F/4.9.

M-55, A Globular Star Cluster in Sagittarius

STL-1301E CCD image; 10 min exposure at F/8.1

M-56, A Globular Star Cluster in Lyra

Two color CCD images. One wide field view taken with our 20-inch telescope working at F/5 and one close-up taken at prime focus (F/8).

M-57, A Planetary Nebula; aka The Ring Nebula (color CCD)

Color and black & white images thru our 20-inch telescope

M-58, A Barred Spiral Galaxy in Virgo

A CCD image thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-59, an Elliptical Galaxy in Virgo

A CCD image thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-60, an Elliptical Galaxy in Virgo

Includes companion Spiral Galaxy NGC 4647; this pair is Arp 116.

M-61, A Spiral Galaxy, and Supernova 1999gn

1995 and 2000 CCD images thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-62, A Globular Star Cluster

CCD image thru Kopernik's 20 inch telescope

M-63, the Sunflower Galaxy

Several CCD images thru our 20 inch telescope working at F/4.9 and F/8.1; HST image in near-infrared.

M-64, the Black-eye Galaxy

A CCD image taken with ST-9E camera thru our 20 inch telescope working at F/4.

M-65, A Barred Spiral Galaxy

A CCD image thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-66, A Barred Spiral Galaxy, and Supernova 1997bs

Several CCD images taken thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-67, Open Star Cluster in Cancer

A CCD image thru our 80mm VERNONscope Refractor.

M-68, A Globular Star Cluster

CCD image thru Kopernik's 20 inch telescope

M-69, A Globular Star Cluster

A CCD image thru our 20 inch telescope working at F/4.9

M-71, A Globular Star Cluster in Sagitta

A color CCD image taken with ST-9E/AO-7; this is an unusual low density globular cluster.

M-72, A Globular Star Cluster in Aquarius

A 6 minute CCD image thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-74, a face-on Spiral Galaxy; with Supernovae 2002ap and 2003gd

Three CCD images (two in color) thru our 20 inch telescope: Two taken with the ST-9E camera and one with the STL-1301E.

M-75, A Globular Star Cluster in Sagittarius

A color STL-1301E CCD image; this is one of the more distant and concentrated globular clusters.

M-76, A Planetary Nebula in Perseus; aka 'The Little Dumb-bell'

A color ST-9E CCD image thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-77, An unusual Spiral Galaxy in Cetus

A CCD image thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-78, A Reflection Nebula in Orion

Color CCD image (STL-1301E at F/5). also shows NGC 2067, NGC 2064, and McNeil's Nebula.

M-79, A Globular Star Cluster

A CCD image thru our 20-inch telescope.

M-80, A Globular Star Cluster in Scorpius

An image taken with ST-9E camera thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-81 and M-82, two bright galaxies in Ursa Major

See a series of pictures taken thru our 80mm and 20 inch telescopes

M-81, a Spiral Galaxy in Ursa Major

A color CCD image taken with an STL-1301E camera thru our 20-inch telescope working at F/5.

M-82, a Irregular Starburst Galaxy in Ursa Major

Color CCD image taken with an STL-1301E camera thru our 20-inch telescope..

M-83, a face-on Spiral Galaxy in Hydra

CCD image thru our 20 inch telescope working at F/4.9; 15 min. exposure.

M-84, an Elliptical Galaxy in Virgo

A CCD image thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-85, a Lenticular Galaxy in Coma Berenicies; Barred Spiral Galaxy NGC 4394, Elliptical Galaxy MCG 3-32-29, background Quasar

CCD image with ST-9 CCD camera thru our 20inch working at F/4.

M-86, an Elliptical Galaxy in Virgo

A CCD image that includes two companion galaxies.

M-88, a Spiral Galaxy, with Supernova 1999cl

Several CCD images taken thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-90, a Spiral Galaxy in Virgo

A CCD image thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-91, a Barred Spiral Galaxy in Coma Berenicies

Is this galaxy, NGC 4548, the "Missing M-91"?

M-92, A Globular Star Cluster in Hercules

Two images with: ST-9E and MX-716 CCD cameras thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-93, An Open Star Cluster

A photograph thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-94, A Spiral Galaxy in Canes Venatici

Two CCD images thru our 20 inch telescope working at F/4.9 and F/8.1.

M-95, A Barred Spiral Galaxy in Leo

An ST-9E CCD image thru our 20-inch telescope; color image; Theta shaped galaxy with an unusual starburst nucleus.

M-96, A Barred Spiral Galaxy in Leo

An ST-9E CCD image thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-97, A Planetary Nebula; aka The Owl Nebula

A color CCD image taken with STL-1301E camera thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-98, A Spiral Galaxy in Coma Berenices

A CCD image thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-99, A Spiral Galaxy in Coma Berenices

Color (ST-9) and Black & White (ST-6) CCD images thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-100, A face-on Spiral Galaxy

A color CCD image with ST-9E camera thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-101, A face-on Spiral Galaxy in Ursa Major

CCD image with MX-716 camera thru our 80mm VERNONscope Refractor.

M-102, <<non existent>>

On of the “missing” Messier Objects; probably a duplicate observation of M-101.

M-103, An Open Star Cluster in Cassiopeia

A color STL-1301E CCD image thru KAS Member G. Normandin’s 10-inch telescope.

M-104, A Spiral Galaxy in Virgo; aka The Sombrero Galaxy

An ST-9E CCD image thru our 20-inch telescope.

M-105, An Elliptical Galaxy in Leo

A companion of M-95 & M-96, plus 2 more galaxies. A color STL-1301E CCD image.

M-106, A Spiral Galaxy in Canes Venatici

A color ST-9E CCD image thru our 20-inch telescope working at F/5. There is also a link to a black & white version taken at F/4..

M-107, A Globular Star Cluster in Ophiuchus

A color ST-9E CCD image thru our 20-inch telescope working at F/4.

M-108, A Spiral Galaxy in Ursa Major

A CCD image thru our 20 inch telescope.

M-109, A Barred Spiral Galaxy in Ursa Major

A CCD image thru our 20 inch telescope.